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AP FACT CHECK: Trump isn’t holed up nonstop at White House

AP FACT CHECK: Trump isn't holed up nonstop at White House



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WASHINGTON (AP) — Desperate to defend a protracted authorities shutdown over his border wall, President Donald Trump is pretending that he’s holed up nonstop at the White House ready for a cope with Democrats. He’s additionally rewriting historical past relating to his promise to make Mexico pay for the wall.

Trump says he hasn’t left the White House in “months,” together with in the course of the partial shutdown that started Dec. 22. Truly, he has ventured out quite a few occasions — to the Mexico border simply this previous week, as an example — and can once more on Monday to New Orleans.

Trump is also claiming that he didn’t imply it when he informed crowds time and again that Mexico would put up cash for the wall. It was all the time meant for Mexico to pay “indirectly,” he now says, an assertion contradicted by his phrases and his plan within the marketing campaign.

The remarks capped every week through which he additionally unfold deceptive rhetoric concerning the 2016 election, the FBI investigation into his former private lawyer Michael Cohen, prescription drug costs and dire threats from the south.

Trump stated the wall will “very quickly pay for itself” by decreasing the U.S. drug drawback, and pay for itself “many times over” by the advantages he predicts will accrue to the U.S. financial system from an up to date commerce cope with Canada and Mexico. Mexico has refused to pay something towards a U.S. wall.

A glance at the claims:

STUCK AT THE WHITE HOUSE

TRUMP: “I haven’t actually left the White House in months. …And I’ve been here virtually every night, I guess every night other than one day I flew to Iraq and then to Germany to see our troops. …I’m not even sure I actually missed a night, per se. But basically, I’ve been here for many months in the White House.” — interview Saturday night time with Fox Information.

TRUMP: “I’m in the White House, waiting. The Democrats are everywhere but Washington as people await their pay.” — tweet Sunday.

THE FACTS: Trump has left the White House loads of occasions in current months.

In addition to his journey to Iraq and Germany on Dec. 26-27, Trump traveled to the Mexican border city of McAllen, Texas, on Thursday. On Monday, he’s going to New Orleans to deal with the American Farm Bureau. He’s left the White House in the course of the shutdown for conferences at Camp David and the Capitol.

Shortly earlier than the shutdown started, he traveled to Philadelphia to observe the Military-Navy soccer recreation (Dec. eight), visited Kansas Metropolis for a regulation enforcement convention (Dec. 7), attended former President George H.W. Bush’s funeral at the Washington Nationwide Cathedral (Dec. 5), participated within the G-20 summit in Argentina in late November; and hosted “Make America Great Again” rallies in Mississippi with Senate candidate Cindy Hyde-Smith (Nov. 26). He hosted a dinner on Thanksgiving at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida.

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CRIME

TRUMP: “The building of the Wall on the Southern Border will bring down the crime rate throughout the entire Country!” — tweet Sunday.

THE FACTS: His assertion that folks within the nation illegally are a particular menace to public security is at odds with plentiful analysis.

A number of research from social scientists and the libertarian assume tank Cato Institute have discovered that folks within the U.S. illegally are much less more likely to commit crime than U.S. residents, and authorized immigrants are even much less doubtless to take action.

A March research by the journal Criminology discovered “undocumented immigration does not increase violence.”

The research, which appeared at the years 1990 by way of 2014, stated states with greater shares of such individuals have decrease crime charges.

As properly, a research in 2017 by Robert Adelman, a sociology professor at College of Buffalo, analyzed 40 years of crime knowledge in 200 metropolitan areas and located that immigrants helped decrease crime. New York Metropolis, for instance, has the nation’s largest inhabitants of immigrants dwelling within the nation illegally — about 500,000 — and final yr had solely 289 murders amongst a complete inhabitants of eight.5 million individuals, in line with preliminary knowledge. These numbers imply an individual’s odds of turning into a sufferer of murder in tightly packed, numerous New York Metropolis have been about the identical as they have been final yr in Montana.

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2016 ELECTION

TRUMP: “The fact is, I was obviously a good candidate. …I won everything I did, and I won, and I won easily — 306-223, I believe. And that’s a big difference in the college, in the Electoral College.” — interview Saturday night time with Fox Information Channel.

THE FACTS: Trump misstates the Electoral School vote in his 2016 presidential race towards Democrat Hillary Clinton. The official rely was 304 to 227, in accordance with an Related Press tally of the electoral votes in each state.

Nor did he “win everything” within the 2016 marketing campaign. Clinton gained the favored vote, receiving almost 2.9 million extra votes than Trump after racking up extra lopsided victories in huge states corresponding to New York and California, in accordance with election knowledge compiled by AP. However she misplaced the presidency as a consequence of Trump’s profitable margin within the Electoral School, which got here after he narrowly gained much less populous Midwestern states together with Michigan and Wisconsin.

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COHEN

TRUMP: “They broke into his law firm.” — interview Saturday night time with Fox Information, referring to the FBI.

THE FACTS: It was not a break-in. The FBI executed a search warrant obtained from a decide in conducting the raid and seizing data on quite a lot of issues, amongst them a $130,000 cost made to porn actress Stormy Daniels by Trump’s lawyer, Cohen. Daniels alleged she had extramarital affairs with Trump, which the White House denies.

The appliance for the warrant was authorised excessive within the Justice Division.

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DRUG PRICES

TRUMP: “Drug prices declined in 2018, the first time in nearly half a century. During the first 19 months of my Administration, Americans saved $26 Billion on prescription drugs. Our policies to get cheaper generic drugs to market are working!” — tweet Friday.

THE FACTS: The proof isn’t on his aspect. And administration insurance policies introduced final yr and presently being accomplished don’t appear to have shifted a development of rising costs.

A current Related Press evaluation of costs for brand-name medicine discovered much more will increase than cuts within the first seven months of 2018. The evaluation discovered 96 worth hikes for each worth reduce. The variety of will increase had slowed considerably and weren’t fairly as steep as in previous years.

And costs proceed to rise. Figures on U.S. prescription drug worth modifications compiled by well being knowledge firm Elsevier additionally present that from Dec. 20 by way of Jan. 2, there have been 1,179 product worth modifications. Of these, 30 have been worth cuts and the remaining 1,149 have been worth will increase, with 328 of them between 9 % and 10 %. All however one of many relaxation have been by decrease percentages.

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WALL CONSTRUCTION

TRUMP: “The Fake News Media keeps saying we haven’t built any NEW WALL. Below is a section just completed on the Border. Anti-climbing feature included. Very high, strong and beautiful! Also, many miles already renovated and in service!” — tweet Friday, displaying a piece of bollard wall.

THE FACTS: No new miles of barrier development have been accomplished beneath Trump. Present fencing has been changed or strengthened in a couple of areas. It’s true that many miles of barrier are in service — about 650 miles or 1,050 kilometers of fencing — however that was completed by earlier administrations.

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MEXICO AND THE WALL

TRUMP: “I do have a plan on the Shutdown. But to understand that plan you would have to understand the fact that I won the election, and I promised safety and security for the American people. Part of that promise was a Wall at the Southern Border. Elections have consequences!” — tweet Saturday.

THE FACTS: He additionally promised in the course of the marketing campaign that Mexico would pay for the border wall. Mexico has refused.

Trump notes that “elections have consequences,” referring to his 2016 election. However there was one other election, in November, and the consequence of that’s that Democrats now management the House they usually refuse to offer Trump cash for a wall.

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TRUMP: “I never meant they’re going to write out a check… . Mexico is paying for the wall indirectly. And when I said Mexico will pay for the wall, in front of thousands and thousands of people, obviously they’re not going to write a check.” — remarks Thursday.

THE FACTS: A Trump marketing campaign coverage paper envisaged an specific cost from Mexico: “It’s an easy decision for Mexico: make a one-time payment of $5-10 billion,” the paper stated.

The plan outlined numerous methods for Trump to compel Mexico to pay for the wall, resembling by Washington slicing off billions of dollars in remittances despatched again to Mexico by immigrants dwelling within the U.S., or by recouping the cash via commerce tariffs or larger visa charges. None of that has occurred.

Though his marketing campaign left open the likelihood that Mexico may one way or the other contribute to the price not directly, Trump roused his crowds with the straight-ahead promise: “I will have Mexico pay for that wall.”

“Who?” he requested his supporters. “Mexico,” they shouted.

Now he’s saying his phrases weren’t meant to be taken actually.

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TRUMP: “They’re paying for the wall in a great trade deal.” — remarks Thursday in Texas.

THE FACTS: Nothing in his commerce settlement with Mexico and Canada would cowl or refund the development value or require a cost from Mexico. As an alternative he’s assuming all kinds of financial advantages will come from the settlement that may’t be quantified or counted on. For instance, he has stated the deal will dissuade some U.S. corporations from shifting operations to Mexico and he credit that risk as a cost by Mexico.

The commerce deal preserves the prevailing liberalized surroundings of low or no tariffs among the many U.S., Mexico and Canada, with sure enhancements for every nation. The deal has but to be ratified in any member nation and its probabilities of profitable legislative approval are usually not assured.

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OBAMA VIDEO

TRUMP: “President Obama, thank you for your great support — I have been saying this all along!” — tweet Thursday, accompanied by video of Obama talking as president in 2014.

THE FACTS: Trump’s tweet is misleading, linking to a video clip that exhibits Obama, as president, discussing “an actual humanitarian crisis on the border” — a surge of tens of hundreds of unaccompanied youngsters and youth, principally from Central America, who tried to cross from Mexico in 2014. Obama’s remarks don’t help Trump’s proposal for a border wall, which the previous president has criticized, or endorse the trail Trump is contemplating now: declaring a nationwide emergency which may allow him to bypass Congress and unilaterally spend cash on wall.

As an alternative, Obama was asking Congress to approve an emergency appropriation to cope with the surge.

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CRISIS?

TRUMP: “Tonight I am speaking to you because there is a growing humanitarian and security crisis at our southern border.” — handle to the nation Tuesday.

THE FACTS: Few would dispute that a humanitarian disaster is unfolding. A pointy improve within the variety of households at the border, principally from Central America, coupled with the Trump administration’s hardline stance is overwhelming border assets, including to backlogs within the asylum system and leaving migrants in abysmal circumstances on the Mexican aspect.

Trump, nevertheless, has been unable to persuade Congress that the border poses a nationwide safety disaster. He has made a collection of statements falsely claiming that terrorists are pouring in from Mexico, that a wall would choke off shipments of illicit medicine and that individuals who get into the U.S. illegally commit a disproportionate share of violent crime.

The variety of border arrests — the main gauge of how many individuals try to cross illegally — is definitely one-quarter of what it was in 2000, dropping from 1.6 million then to 400,000 in 2018.

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DEMOCRATS

TRUMP: “Democrats will not fund border security.” — remarks Tuesday.

THE FACTS: They only gained’t fund it the best way he needs. They’ve refused his demand for $5.7 billion to construct a part of a metal wall throughout the U.S.-Mexico border.

Democrats handed laws the day they took management of the House that provided $1.three billion for border safety, together with bodily limitations and know-how. Senate Democrats have accredited comparable funding yr after yr. Many Democrats backed 2006 laws that has resulted within the development of about 650 miles (1,050 kilometers) of border barrier. Many additionally supported failed laws in 2013 that may have doubled the size of fencing and allowed immigrants dwelling within the nation illegally to use for a provisional authorized standing in the event that they paid a $500 superb and had no felony convictions.

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DRUGS

TRUMP: “A big proportion of the drugs from, you know, that we have … in this country come through the border.” — interview Saturday night time with Fox Information Channel.

TRUMP: “We lose 300 Americans a week, 90% of which comes through the Southern Border. These numbers will be DRASTICALLY REDUCED if we have a Wall!” — tweet Thursday.

TRUMP: “Our southern border is a pipeline for vast quantities of illegal drugs, including meth, heroin, cocaine and fentanyl. Every week, 300 of our citizens are killed by heroin alone, 90 percent of which floods across from our southern border.” — remarks Tuesday.

THE FACTS: What he’s making an attempt to say within the tweet Thursday is that a wall would cease most heroin from coming into the nation and drastically scale back heroin deaths, which common about 300 per week. However the Drug Enforcement Administration says “only a small percentage” of heroin seized by U.S. authorities comes throughout on territory between land ports of entry. Most of it’s smuggled by way of official border crossings.

The company says the identical is true of medicine usually. In a 2018 report, it stated the most typical trafficking method by transnational felony organizations is to cover medicine in passenger automobiles or tractor-trailers as they drive into the U.S. although land entry ports, the place they’re stopped and topic to inspection. Additionally they make use of buses, cargo trains and tunnels, the report says, citing different smuggling strategies that additionally wouldn’t be choked off by a wall.

Trump just lately stated drug smugglers don’t use ports of entry, an assertion flatly contradicted by his drug enforcement personnel.

Regardless of that disconnect, Trump went as far as to say: “The border wall would very quickly pay for itself. The cost of illegal drugs exceeds $500 billion a year, vastly more than the $5.7 billion we have requested from Congress.”

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THE EX-PRESIDENTS

TRUMP on a border wall: “This should have been done by all of the presidents that preceded me. And they all know it. Some of them have told me that we should have done it.” — Rose Backyard information convention Jan. four.

THE FACTS: Three ex-presidents — Invoice Clinton, Jimmy Carter and George W. Bush — denied discussing the wall with Trump; the fourth, Obama, declined to reply. His workplace despatched previous feedback by Obama criticizing the wall, and the 2 haven’t spoken because the inauguration apart from a fast trade at President George H.W. Bush’s funeral. Stated Carter: “I have not discussed the border wall with President Trump, and do not support him on the issue.”

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IMMIGRANT COSTS/BENEFITS

TRUMP: “America proudly welcomes millions of lawful immigrants who enrich our society and contribute to our nation but all Americans are hurt by uncontrolled illegal migration. It strains public resources and drives down jobs and wages.” — remarks Tuesday.

THE FACTS: The U.S. is just not experiencing “uncontrolled” unlawful immigration. The talk is over whether or not the controls are robust sufficient.

As for the prices, a serious educational research in 2016 by the Nationwide Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Drugs discovered the job impacts of immigration, when measured over at least 10 years, are very small. It discovered immigration — authorized and unlawful — is an general profit to long-term financial progress.

Some proof means that expert immigrants increase wages. Native-born People and not using a high-school diploma are probably to endure.

The academy research stated estimating fiscal impacts of immigration is complicated. Younger and previous immigrants have a tendency to empty authorities assets whereas working-age immigrants contribute.

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TERRORISM

TRUMP: “We have terrorists coming through the southern border because they find that’s probably the easiest place to come through. They drive right in and they make a left.” — Rose Backyard information convention Jan. four.

SARAH HUCKABEE SANDERS, White House press secretary: “We know that roughly, nearly 4,000 known or suspected terrorists come into our country illegally, and we know that our most vulnerable point of entry is at our southern border.” — “Fox News Sunday” Jan. 6.

THE FACTS: In the event that they’re driving “right in” by way of border crossings, no wall would cease them. However as to the broader level, U.S. officers have produced no proof of a terrorist inflow from Mexico.

Trump and a few of his aides have misrepresented statistics on foreigners who have been stopped globally by Customs and Border Safety as a result of they have been on a watch record. They’ve prompt or plainly said that they have been stopped coming from Mexico.

Sanders acknowledged later within the week: “I should have said 4,000 at all points of entry, not just at the southern border.”

Regardless of Trump’s portrayal of Mexico as a teeming portal for terrorists, the State Division issued a report in September discovering “no credible evidence indicating that international terrorist groups have established bases in Mexico, worked with Mexican drug cartels or sent operatives via Mexico into the United States.”

It went on: “The U.S. southern border remains vulnerable to potential terrorist transit, although terrorist groups likely seek other means of trying to enter the United States.”

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Related Press writers Darlene Superville, Colleen Lengthy, Jill Colvin, Catherine Lucey, Zeke Miller and Kevin Freking in Washington and Elliot Spagat in San Diego contributed to this report.

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EDITOR’S NOTE _ A glance at the veracity of claims by political figures

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